Until 2006, there was believed to be four sub-species of the beautiful Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), one of which was Neofelis nebulosa diardi, found only in Sumatra, Borneo and Java.
Molecular evidence suggested that the Sumatran sub-species was actually a distinct species in its own right. This has now been confirmed by genetic testing, but experts agree that more research is needed.
By splitting the Clouded Leopard population into five species, each species became even more endangered with the smaller population numbers.
The new wild cat species has been renamed Neofelis diardi, and is referred to as the Sunda or Sundaland Clouded Leopard.